Rhiannon painting by Judith Shaw

What I plan on writing my final paper on is the honor that Rhiannon beholds, even though as a female character her nobility is constantly looked over. She is the most noble character in “Pwyll Pendefig Dyfed” and continues to show her honor in “Manawydan, the son of Llŷr”. The article above is just a short summary of Rhiannon’s role in the Mabinogion. I believe she is the most honorable character, but due to her femininity she is disgraced in her most noble moments. Men, in the same scenarios, would come out on top and not be left to carry people up and down a hill like a horse. I do not know if this is what the author intended. I believe the author unintentionally made Rhiannon such an honorable character. Through a patriarchal view, Rhiannon is not as noble as her male counterparts, but if a modern approach is taken to the reading, then it is seen that she is the only character with any guts or common sense.


Caves on caves on caves (Star Wars)

Star Wars and Caves in Medieval Literature

I thought this was a fun concept. The parallel between caves in medieval literature and the caves in cinema, such as Star Wars, makes for an interesting discussion. I was unable to find a published article (not sure if there is one), but the video presents the idea just fine. I believe some of the examples they used to relate the caves and their meanings could have been a little more in depth. As a child watching the movies I never tried to understand Luke in the Rancor pit as some form of a growth tool or test for the Jedi. I would like to here if anybody else can make any parallels between the two, or if someone can dispute any of the examples posed in the video.

I am also trying to find a relationship between Luke trapped in the Wampa’s (snow monster) cave on Hoth and a piece of literature. If anybody has any ideas or readings that may relate to this, please post them.

Thank you

Tremulous Hand of Worcester


Essential tremor is defined by The Mayo Clinic as “a nervous system disorder (neurological disorder) that causes a rhythmic shaking. Essential tremor can affect almost any part of your body, but the trembling occurs most often in your hands — especially when you try to do simple tasks, such as drinking from a glass, tying shoelaces, writing or shaving”. In the link provided there is a discussion the eludes to the possibility that ‘Tremulous Hand of Worcester’ suffered from essential tremor. What amazed me the most about this journal article was the attention to the scribes notes in the columns. The fact that he noted remedies and makeshift cures obtained from the writings he was transcribing showed that he was aware that he was suffering from some ailment. However, at the end the writer states that most of his notes pertain to possibly coexisting ailments. This still shows that he was looking for something, other than alcohol, to ease or cure his tremors. The researchers have ruled out Parkinson’s disease and other neurological disorders through multiple avenues. Mapping the frequency of the scribes writing, something I was unaware existed until reading this paper, was used to relate to modern-day Parkinson patient writings. Others have stated that the scribe used alcohol to hydrate during his breaks. The added result of the alcohol, other than hydration, could possibly steady the scribes tremulous hand. I think the researchers should look into the idea that the scribe was constantly in a state of alcohol withdrawal, which was fixed with alcohol consumption during the short breaks between writing. I believe that would be an interesting story, even though it is more improbable than the case explained above.