In line with the Virgin Mary, new research by Stanford history Professor Fiona Griffiths claims the spiritual superiority of females in the church over the male clergy in medieval Europe. The research focuses on the 11th and 12th centuries, but I really have a problem with the assumption that just because male leaders in the church “admired” (a few asexual, pious) women, it means that the hierarchy was changed. As we see in our readings, women with any power were not womanly and were a threat to the social order. The article does claim that some women (I emphasize “some” because it is clearly not toppling patriarchal rule) were served by men who spent their whole lives doing that. I wouldn’t mind a new look at history that examines the way men and women worked together, but we still need to acknowledge that it was during a time of uncontested, deep social hierarchies with maleness on top.